By Leonard E. Read
President Grover Cleveland, vetoing a congressional appropriation of $10,000 to buy seed grain for drought stricken Texans may have given us all the answer we need to this cliche:
The friendliness and charity of our countrymen can always be relied upon to relieve their fellow citizens in misfortune…. Federal aid in such cases encourages the expectation of paternal care on the part of the government and weakens the sturdiness of our national character, while it prevents the indulgence among our people of that kindly sentiment and conduct which strengthens the bonds of a common brotherhood.
Thus, the cliche maker wins his implied point without a struggle–unless one lays claim to clairvoyance or exposes the fakery of the question.
Every reader of these lines can prove to himself, by reflecting on personal experiences, that the relief of distress is an unpredictable event. Time after time, each of us, with no preconception, has observed distress and then taken steps to relieve it–with his own income!
Prior to the nineteen-thirties, before the federal government assumed responsibility for “relief,” no one could have foretold who would come to the rescue; yet, since 1623, there is no record of famine or starvation in this country. Among a people where the principles of freedom were more widely practiced and occupational category. This has no semblance of charity: it is robbery of Peter to pay Paul. Further, when government constructs a feeding trough and fills it with fruits forcibly extorted from the citizenry, it creates new claimants and aggravates the problem it set out to solve.
It is not only the so-called “relief” projects that are based on the same tired cliche, but most other cases of government intervention in our society: “If the government does not level mountains and fill valleys, drain swamps and water deserts, build highways over waters and seaways over land, send men to the moon and promise the moon to mankind, and a thousand and one other projects–if the government doesn’t do these things, that is, force taxpayers to do them, who will?”
No doubt many of the congressmen who voted this appropriation were sincerely asking, “If the federal government does not save these poor Texans, who will?” President Cleveland had only to veto the measure and write an explanation. But we private citizens have no power beyond reason and persuasion. What, then, might we have said? This would be one honest answer: “I am not clairvoyant and, thus, do not know who will relieve these people. However, I do know that Texans acting on their own initiative and with their own resources will take care of themselves better than they will be taken care of by any number of politicians imitating Robin Hood and applying the theories of Karl Marx.”
The question, “If government does not relieve the distress, who will?” is illogical. No one can ever answer, who will? government more limited than elsewhere, there has been less distress and more general well-being than history had ever recorded. Societies saddled with bureaucracy have no record of coming to the aid of free societies; it has always been the other way round.
Charity is a personal virtue. When government does not undertake “relief,” millions of adults stand as guardians against distress. Their available charitable energy is totally at work observing distress in its neighborly detail, judging and coming to the rescue with the fruits of the labor of each charitable person. And on occasions of major disaster, there has been a voluntary pooling of individual resources, often extravagant.
What happens when government takes over? Charity gives way to politics. Funds coercively collected are dispensed to individuals according to group, class, or And more often than not the answer is that probably no one in his right mind would ever think of doing such things–at his own risk, with his own money. Eventually, a time might come when some ingenious person would see a way to do one or more of these jobs, in hope of profit, and would take the chance. But there is no way to determine in advance who that pioneer might be. The most that can be done is to leave men free, for only among free men do pioneers emerge.
Freedom affords every opportunity, in charitable enterprises or on the market, for the best–not the worst–to rise topside.
Condensed and reprinted with permission from Cliches of Politics, published by the Foundation for Economic Education. The Georgia Public Policy Foundation is an independent, nonpartisan organization dedicated to keeping all Georgians informed about their government and to providing practical ideas on key public policy issues. The Foundation believes in and actively supports private enterprise, limited government and personal responsibility.
Nothing written here is to be construed as an attempt to aid or hinder the passage of any bill before the U.S. Congress or the Georgia Legislature. © Georgia Public Policy Foundation (August 1995). Permission is hereby given to reprint this article, with appropriate credit given.
I thank you for what you do. For 15 years you’ve been researching and writing on issues that matter. You take on tough questions, you apply innovative thinking, you push for action, and you do it all without regard to politics.