Barbara M. Edwards Fiscal Research Program School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University
The individual income tax generated over 45 percent of Georgias 1997 tax revenue, making it the largest single source of revenue for the state. While there are differences across states in the structure of income taxes, Georgias income tax is typical of the 41 states that levy an income tax on a broad definition of income. Georgia bases its tax on the federal adjusted gross income, as do most other states, and has deductions, exemptions and a rate structure that are consistent with other states.
There have been various calls for changes in the state income tax, largely driven by a desire to reduce taxes. Four options are considered.